In Bangladesh, nearly all rural families burn solid fuels for cooking, primarily over very basic mud stoves, resulting in significant smoke exposure, which is closely associated with respiratory illness and premature death, and the release of greenhouse gases. While improved cookstove activities have been underway in Bangladesh for decades, a very small segment of homes have adopted them, despite government subsidy. The models available in Bangladesh are still limited, and those promoted have not improved significantly in design during that time despite dramatic innovations in technology and stove choice that have occurred elsewhere in the last 5-10 years. WASHplus is working on the ground on a two-phase activity to contribute to an improved cookstove market environment that encourages increased uptake of a range of improved stoves. A first step is to discover what barriers impede improved cookstove adoption and what strategies can be put in place to make improved cookstoves more accessible, affordable, and appealing to poor Bangladeshi consumers.
Phase one of the study is a multi-village consumer needs, preferences, and willingness to pay assessment. Consumers tested one of five improved stove models in their homes for three weeks and reported on likes, dislikes, difficulties, and suggested modifications in design or use. Two innovative willingness to pay assessments focused on financing or payment options hypothesized to be barriers to stove purchase for poor consumers. The second phase of WASHplus’s household air pollution work draws on lessons learned from its initial study and other local and regional experiences to develop an effective marketing and behavior change strategy, concept test a limited number of evidence-based approaches to increase the uptake of stoves, and develop practical “how-to” tools to contribute to the goals and results of USAID energy and health objectives in Bangladesh.
Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)
WASHplus is also working in four subdistricts in the southwestern coastal area of Bangladesh to improve access to much needed water, sanitation, and hygiene technologies in an area with high incidence of water-related diseases, poor nutrition indicators, an absence of WASH service provision, and a marginalized and environmentally vulnerable population. With USAID/Bangladesh funding, WASHplus is working through our resource partner WaterAid and local partner NGOs to increase access for poor and disadvantaged communities to safe WASH using locally appropriate technologies that address the challenges of this geographic area while strengthening community and local government capacity to provide and sustain facilities and services. This three-year project is operating in Feed the Future focal districts and, in concert with USAID implementing partners, will coordinate and integrate WASH into nutrition activities as a strategy to reduce diarrhea and undernutrition.
|Bangladesh: Materials to Support WASH Improvement. Links to flipcharts, flash cards, pocket books and other resources in Bangladeshi.|
|WASHplus Behavior Change Strategy: Hygiene Promotion Guidelines for Bangladesh, 2013. The WASHplus activity aims to increase the consistent and correct practice of a suite of WASH behaviors in order to see related improvements in child growth and overall household resiliency and health.|
|WASHplus Baseline Assessment of WASH Situation in Southwestern Bangladesh, 2013.This report summarizes the findings of a baseline survey conducted to support the implementation of a three-year WASHplus project designed to address the underlying causes of inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions in hard-to-reach areas of southwestern Bangladesh.|
Improving Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Southwest Bangladesh: An Overview, 2014. An overview of the three-year WASHplus program, implemented through WaterAid and local NGO partners, to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene in southwestern Bangladesh.
Why WASH Matters for Improved Child Health, Nutrition & Growth: A Knowledge Sharing Event, 2014. A presentation by Julia Rosenbaum in Bangladesh.
Developing a 4Ps Marketing Mix to Introduce the Adhunik (Modern) Chula in Bangladesh, 2014. WASHplus presented the poster and study findings (from “Marketing and Behavior Change Strategy for Improved Cookstoves in Bangladesh,” conducted with iDE and the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves) during a technical session of the Second Annual Improved Cookstove Market Facilitation Platform: Accelerating the Pace of Market Development organized by the USAID Implementing Partner Catalyzing Clean Energy for Bangladesh in September 2014.
- Assessing Consumer Needs, Preferences and Willingness to Pay for Improved Cookstoves. Presented by WASHplus at multiple events in Bangladesh in 2013.
- Sealing Leaky Pits: One Small Doable Action at a Time. An example of how WASHplus and its local implementing parter WaterAid are working in targeted, hard-to-reach, marginalized communities in Bangladesh to improve sanitation status not only by promoting fixed point defecation but also by gradually moving households up the sanitation ladder toward more hygienic feces management.
What Do Cooks Want? What Will They Pay? A Study of Improved Cookstoves in Bangladesh, 2014. WASHplus Technical Brief. As the evidence base linking improved cookstoves (ICS) with positive health and energy impacts grows, so does attention on to how best to inﬂuence household uptake and consistent and correct use. WASHplus conducted a comprehensive assessment to better understand consumer needs and preferences as they relate to increasing the uptake of ICS in Bangladesh, including household trials of improved stoves.
Understanding Consumer Preference and Willingness to Pay for Improved Cookstoves in Bangladesh, 2013. Julia Rosenbaum, et al. USAID WASHplus Project.
This study uses qualitative and quantitative methods that draw from social marketing and social science to explore consumer perceptions of five of the most promising ICS potentially available for distribution in Bangladesh. The study complements other efforts by a range of stakeholders to strengthen market‐based approaches and consumer choice for improving household air quality and reducing the environmental impacts associated with dependence on biomass fuels.
- Integrating WASH into NTD Programs: Bangladesh Country Assessment, 2013. Bangladesh Country Assessment The assessment’s purpose was to examine the existing WASH policy and program context in Bangladesh and identify potential points of intersection for WASH and STH which, with investment, could improve the potential for reduced worm reinfection.
Bangladesh Stats in Brief
Population - 2012 (x1000)
Water Access (improved source)
- 84% rural areas
- 86% urban areas
- 85% national total
Sanitation Access (improved facility)
- 58% rural areas
- 50% urban areas
- 57% national total
Source: UNICEF/WHO JMP 2014