Field Review of USAID's Approaches to WASH in Madagascar: Success Factors and Lessons Learned

Field Review of USAID's Approaches to WASH in Madagascar: Success Factors and Lessons Learned, 2012. USAID WASHplus.

This report presents observations from the review of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) approaches applied by USAID partner projects in Madagascar. In May 2012, an international consultant and a local consultant conducted this review to identify and document factors contributing to and hindering program success and sustainability, as well as key lessons learned.

This review has shown that even in a context of poor socio-economic conditions, it is possible to improve sanitation without subsidizing households. Though each approach contributes in its own way, it is the combination of social mobilization and sanitation marketing approaches that creates momentum for WASH improvements in urban and rural target areas. At the same time, it should be noted that effects are small- to medium-scale, and are mostly limited to project areas. These cover a good part of the country but not all.
Continued, coordinated, and harmonized WASH programming and support remains necessary to enhance the synergies among selected sites, customize WASH approaches to urban and rural contexts, and coordinate the construction or upgrading of public toilet blocks. Although coordination is taking place among USAID WASH partners, it must expand to include the wider realm of WASH implementers in Madagascar.
Publication Type: 
Publication Date: 
August 2012
WASH, WASHplus, FHI 360, USAID, Madagascar

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