New Reports/Publications

  • Exploring the Potential of Schoolchildren as Change Agents in the Context of School WASH in Rural Zambia: Final Report, 2014. In this study, researchers explored the potential for children to be change agents for behavior change and technology adoption in their households. The work was conducted in the context of a school-based WASH program, SPLASH, funded by USAID| Zambia and managed by the USAID WASHplus project. Based on the results there are four major areas that SPLASH can target to encourage children to become change agents.
  • Integrating WASH into HIV Interventions and Advancing Improved Sanitation Uptake: WASHplus Kenya End of Project Report, 2014. (pdf, 1.3MB) - USAID’s WASHplus project helped communities and households in Kenya make the connection between improved sanitation, healthy hygiene habits, and positive outcomes for people living with HIV and AIDS (PLHIV), their families, children, the elderly, and other vulnerable households.
  • Cooking Should Nurture, Not Kill, 2014. 4 million people die prematurely every year due to smoke exposure from traditional cooking fires.This is more than the deaths from malaria, tuberculosis,and HIV/AIDS combined. The use of clean, reliable, affordable, efficient, and safe home cooking practices reduces exposure to household air pollution.
  • Menstrual Hygiene Management Mini-Toolbox for Teachers and Schools in Zambia, 2014. SPLASH (Schools Promoting Learning Achieomvement through Sanitation and Hygiene) Project. Menstrual Hygiene Management or MHM is an important component of a “WASH Friendly School”. As it is a new concept in schools, SPLASH is offering various kinds of support to teachers to help set up MHM programs and facilities to help keep girls and female teachers in school. This toolkit was designed to help classroom and guidance teachers, SHN coordinators, and other school personnel in Zambian primary schools who are carrying out menstrual hygiene management (MHM) programs or activities in their school. It contains a set of basic documents such as a checklist for schools, a visual aid of the female reproductive system that can be used for teaching pupils or other teachers about the science of menstruation, and sanitary towel (pad) patterns that could be easily made by girls themselves. As MHM gets more established in schools, more and better tools will be developed and added to the toolkit. It should be considered a “work in progress”.

WASHplus Annual Report

Publications by Country


  • Integrating WASH into NTD Programs: Bangladesh Country Assessment, 2013. Bangladesh Country Assessment The assessment’s purpose was to examine the existing WASH policy and program context in Bangladesh and identify potential points of intersection for WASH and STH which, with investment, could improve the potential for reduced worm reinfection. 
  • What Do Cooks Want? What Will They Pay? A Study of Improved Cookstoves in Bangladesh, 2014. WASHplus Technical Brief. As the evidence base linking improved cookstoves (ICS) with positive health and energy impacts grows, so does attention on to how best to influence household uptake and consistent and correct use. WASHplus conducted a comprehensive assessment to better understand consumer needs and preferences as they relate to increasing the uptake of ICS in Bangladesh, including household trials of improved stoves.
  • Understanding Consumer Preference and Willingness to Pay for Improved Cookstoves in Bangladesh, 2013. J Rosenbaum, et al. This study uses qualitative and quantitative methods that draw from social marketing and social science to explore consumer perceptions of five of the most promising ICS potentially available for distribution in Bangladesh. The study complements other efforts by a range of stakeholders to strengthen market‐based approaches and consumer choice for improving household air quality and reducing the environmental impacts associated with dependence on biomass fuels. 




Publications by Topic

Fecal Sludge Management

WASH & Neglected Tropical Diseases Integration

  • Integrating WASH into NTD Programs: A Desk Review, 2013. (pdf, 1MB) - This desk review clearly indicates that the international community recognizes that drug administration alone is insufficient to break the cycle of disease transmission. Although past programs have largely left out a WASH component, the current renewed interest in securing WASH to any global NTD control or elimination strategy and adding WASH interventions to NTD treatment programs is essential to achieving sustained control and elimination.

WASH & Nutrition Integration

  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: Essential Components for Food Security, 2013. Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions play critical roles in achieving the major goals of the U.S. Government’s global hunge and food security initiative, Feed the Future, which targets the root causes of hunger, poverty, and undernutrition, especially for women and children.
  • Integrating Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene into Nutrition Programming, 2013. WASHplus.
    Diarrhea, pneumonia and birth complications are the top three killers of children under age 5 worldwide. Diarrhea is also a leading cause of undernutrition in this age group and one-third to one-half of all child mortality cases are linked to undernutrition. If mothers and other caregivers used basic hygiene practices and had better access to safe water and adequate sanitation this could greatly reduce under 5 deaths and improve child nutrition.
  • Integration de l'Eau, l'Assainissement, et l'Hygiene (WASH) dans les Programmes de Nutrition, 2013. WASHplus.
    La diarrhée, la pneumonie et les complications à la naissance sont les trois principales causes de mortalité des enfants de moins de 5 ans dans le monde entier. Chaque année, la diarrhée provoque la mort de 760.000 enfants de moins de 5 ans (11 pourcent de la mortalité de l’enfant). La diarrhée est également l’une des principales causes de malnutrition dans ce groupe d’âge et d’un tiers à la moitié de tous les cas de mortalité infantile sont liés à la malnutrition.


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